After the past week’s record bitcoin volume for 2020, the price dipped on lower volume. Meanwhile, November’s dip in ether assets locked in DeFi can at least partially be attributed to the Ethereum network’s ambitious 2.0 upgrade.

  • Bitcoin (BTC) trading around $22,843 as of 21:00 UTC (4 p.m. ET). Slipping 5.3% over the previous 24 hours.
  • Bitcoin’s 24-hour range: $21,960-$24,081 (CoinDesk 20)
  • BTC near its 10-hour moving average and below the 50-hour on the hourly chart, a sideways-to-bearish signal for market technicians.

Bitcoin trading on Bitstamp since Dec. 18.
Source: TradingView

Bitcoin’s price rode a roller coaster up and down over the past 24 hours. After a steady run above $23,800 in early hours trading, the world’s oldest cryptocurrency dumped as low as $21,960, according to CoinDesk 20 data. The price recovered somewhat to $22,843 as of press time. 

Lower-than-average volume led to a thinner-than-usual market Monday as many traders were likely staying on the sidelines with the holidays and new year quickly approaching. 

“Trading activity is subdued. That doesn’t motivate anyone to trade on Christmas week,” said Misha Alefirenko, co-founder of crypto market maker VelvetFormula.

Bitcoin volumes on eight major exchanges tracked by the CoinDesk 20.
Source: Shuai Hao/CoinDesk Research

After Dec. 17’s combined volume record $4.7 billion day across major exchanges Bitfinex, Bitflyer, Bitstamp, Coinbase, Gemini, ItBit, Kraken and Poloniex, that figure was much lower, down to $2.5 billion as of press time Monday.

Bitcoin’s historical price the past week.
Source: CoinDesk 20

Despite this, big-time buyers in the over-the-counter market have helped keep bitcoin well above the $20,000 level, first breached back on December 16. 

“Real demand from largely price-insensitive institutional buying drove us into that level, and the resulting fireworks we saw on the break came from the leveraged side as roughly half the market’s outstanding leveraged short positions were liquidated,” quant trading firm QCP wrote in an investor note Monday. 

On derivatives venue BitMEX, over $44 million in sell liquidations, the crypto equivalent of a margin call, occurred, which put some pressure on the market for bitcoin to head lower. Sell liquidations are triggered when leveraged long positions start losing a significant portion of the money the buyer posted to place the trade. 

Liquidations on BitMEX the past 24 hours.
Source: Skew

“The $20,000 spot level … is now our firm bull/bear line, with $16,000 as our strong support,” QCP Capital said in its investor note. “We are lightening up on selling puts up here, as this week brings our very well flagged Christmas expiry, which is now officially the largest OI on record.” 

Open interest, or OI, is loaded up in the bitcoin options market for Dec. 25 expiration, according to data from aggregator Skew. 

Bitcoin opens open interest by expiration.
Source: Skew

The overhang of options expiration and the declining activity in the spot market may be the largest dynamics to watch for the market in the next several weeks.

“We could be looking at an extended consolidation from here, considering the weak Q1 seasonality and risks associated with the new administration after [U.S. President-elect Joe] Biden’s inauguration in mid-January,” QCP added.

ETH Locked in DeFi rising from November trough

The second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, ether (ETH) was down Monday, trading around $609 and slipping 7% in 24 hours as of 21:00 UTC (4:00 p.m. ET).

The amount of ether “locked” in decentralized finance, or DeFi, for “yield” or a return in exchange for providing liquidity, hit a high of 9.4 million ETH on Oct. 20. In November, the amount of ether locked dipped as low as 6.7 million before rebounding in December, at over 7.2 million ETH as of press time.

The amount of ether locked in decentralized finance the past three months.
Source: DeFi Pulse

Cooper Turley, editor of newsletter DeFi Rate, told CoinDesk that Ethereum’s 2.0 upgrade dynamics, which also includes staking in the network, played a role in the amount of ether locked, dipping and then recovering somewhat. “People unlocked ETH to stake via [Eth 2.0] and trade it during the recent run-up,” Turley said. “Now that things have settled a bit, most that did not stake into [Eth 2.0] are depositing back into DeFi.”

Other markets

Digital assets on the CoinDesk 20 are mostly red Monday. One notable winner as of 21:00 UTC (4:00 p.m. ET):

  • orchid (OXT) + 14.7%

Notable losers:

  • Bitcoin (BCH) – 12.7%
  • litecoin (LTC) – 12.3%
  • xrp (XRP) – 11.1%


  • Asia’s Nikkei 225 closed in the red 0.18% as a volatile Monday session led the index lower on concern over rising Japanese coronavirus cases.
  • The FTSE 100 in Europe ended the day dropping 1.7% as the U.K. identified a new coronavirus strain over the weekend, concerning investors’ economic outlook.
  • The S&P 500 in the United States dropped 0.40% as the new U.K. coronavirus strain and fresh lockdowns there caused investors to sell, dragging the index lower.


  • Oil was down 2.6%. Price per barrel of West Texas Intermediate crude: $47.78.
  • Gold was in the red 0.26% and at $1,876 as of press time.


  • The 10-year U.S. Treasury bond yield fell Monday dipping to 0.936 and in the red 0.70%.


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